《围城》品读

《围城》是一本值得每个中国人读的书。

经典名著之所以千百年来流传于世,原因多种多样。有的饱含至理名言、人生智慧,比如《论语》;有的呈现荣辱兴衰、人生百态,比如《红楼梦》;有的开创体例,“成一家之言”,比如《史记》。不一而足。

创作于上世纪四十年代的《围城》,注定也是一部这样的作品。围绕主角方鸿渐,钱钟书先生用自己强大的文字功底,和对人物、人性、社会的深刻理解,做了精准地描述,向我们展示了婚姻这座围城内外的景象。也不只是婚姻,《围城》是一本人生之书,人际关系之微妙,社会关系之复杂都在书中尽显。

在讨论内容之前,先谈一谈文字。钱钟书先生文笔风趣,比喻新奇精妙,读之令人拍案叫绝。重点说一下比喻,随意摘取两处:

她跟辛楣的长期认识并不会日积月累地成为恋爱,好比冬季每天的气候罢,你没法把今天的温度加到昨天的上面,好等明天积成个和暖的春日。

这种抱行政野心的人最靠不住,捧他上了台,自己未必有多大好处,仿佛洋车夫辛辛苦苦把坐车人拉到了饭店,依然拖着空车子吃西风,别想跟他进去吃。

赵辛楣对苏文纨用情二十多年,仍得不到她的回应。苏文纨无法与赵辛楣成为恋爱关系的主要原因之一,钱先生用的是这样一句点睛之笔。方鸿渐分析汪处厚对自己的关心,是出于老汪要做行政院长,所以礼贤下士,这个洋车夫的比喻是相当贴切的。

一部作品的成功,与它语言上的吸引力肯定是分不开的。《围城》中这样的比喻俯拾皆是,可以说是妙语连珠。它的特色是把人们生活常见事物引来做比喻,总能找到与他“欲表之意”之间的联系。加之同样比比皆是的象征、引用等,使他的文字散发了无与伦比的魅力。

之所以《围城》能成为常读常新的文学作品,除了才子式的文笔,还在于人物塑造的真实,在于内容的深刻、贴近现实。

方鸿渐、苏文纨、孙柔嘉、唐晓芙、赵辛楣,还有其他的角色,无一不是活灵活现的,他们就生活在我们的身边,工作和生活中都会遇到这样的人。

性格决定命运。

方鸿渐随波逐流,对自己的人生没有明确的目标。感情身陷旋涡,这一困境是他自己造成的。在这点上,他很像金庸先生笔下的张无忌,可是又没有张无忌有硬实力,张无忌好歹是武功天下第一,他呢,在海外留洋,不认真读书,连博士学位,都是靠买的。他爱慕唐晓芙,可惜被苏文纨搅黄了。没有博士学位,三闾大学聘不了教授,只给了一个副教授的尴尬职位。莫名其妙就和孙柔嘉订了婚,结婚之后疲于应付夫妻之间的争吵,他所处的家庭和孙柔嘉的家庭,矛盾百出,他也不能游刃有余地处理。他的人生,至少是前半生,是相当失败的。

孙柔嘉婚前对方鸿渐颇为倾心,也“千方百计”地把方鸿渐圈进了围城。但这个“千方百计”我认为可以理解,但悲剧的一点在于,方鸿渐其实并不喜欢她,只是“不讨厌”而已。她对方鸿渐的个性判断是失误的,以至于婚后,面对方鸿渐以及背后的封建大家庭,成了她姑母口中,错嫁的悲哀。

苏文纨的感情悲剧在哪儿呢,在于她并没有真正爱上谁,她爱的是一份众星拱月的虚荣。

凡人都是局限的,性格带来的局限尤其大。局限造就了今日的自己,也给自己带来无数的麻烦。倘若能突破自己的局限,人生才能跨上新的台阶。

《围城》中的主要人物,没有一人的婚姻是真正幸福的。有可能得到幸福的是着墨相对不多的唐晓芙,但那个社会环境下,又有谁知道呢?

方鸿渐和孙柔嘉也好,苏文纨也罢,性格是原因,若是还有别的原因,只能是归结到婚姻之中的难题:亲密关系的处理。

一部好的作品,是包罗万象,不能一言以蔽之的。对《围城》的品读,人人都有自己的理解,可以持久的继续下去。

此条目发表在读书分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

《围城》品读》有20条回应

  1. I really wanted to post a comment to be able to say thanks to you for these pleasant tips and tricks you are giving here. My time consuming internet search has at the end been paid with awesome facts and techniques to go over with my partners. I would tell you that many of us site visitors are truly blessed to exist in a great website with so many lovely people with helpful guidelines. I feel truly privileged to have come across your webpage and look forward to some more amazing times reading here. Thank you again for all the details.

  2. kyrie 6说:

    I’m just commenting to make you know of the terrific experience my cousin’s girl obtained going through your webblog. She noticed too many issues, with the inclusion of what it is like to possess an awesome teaching mood to let men and women very easily have an understanding of a number of tricky subject areas. You undoubtedly surpassed readers’ expectations. Many thanks for delivering these interesting, dependable, revealing not to mention fun tips on this topic to Kate.

  3. My spouse and i were quite cheerful when Ervin could finish off his investigation from your ideas he got using your site. It is now and again perplexing just to be giving out facts men and women have been selling. We really do know we now have the writer to appreciate for that. Those explanations you made, the simple site menu, the friendships you make it easier to create – it’s got all overwhelming, and it’s facilitating our son and our family feel that that issue is entertaining, which is certainly extraordinarily vital. Thanks for all!

  4. golden goose说:

    I and my pals appeared to be taking note of the great advice on your website and so all of the sudden got an awful suspicion I never expressed respect to you for them. These men had been as a result glad to read all of them and now have seriously been loving these things. Appreciate your actually being really thoughtful as well as for using varieties of helpful topics millions of individuals are really eager to be aware of. My honest regret for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  5. I must show some appreciation to this writer for rescuing me from this particular predicament. Right after scouting throughout the search engines and meeting strategies which are not powerful, I thought my life was over. Living without the strategies to the issues you’ve sorted out by means of your main guideline is a critical case, and the kind which may have in a negative way damaged my entire career if I had not encountered your site. Your understanding and kindness in controlling a lot of things was valuable. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not discovered such a step like this. I’m able to at this point relish my future. Thanks for your time very much for the expert and effective guide. I won’t hesitate to refer your web blog to anybody who would like guide on this topic.

  6. nike react说:

    Thank you for your own effort on this web page. My mother really likes doing investigations and it’s easy to understand why. Almost all notice all concerning the powerful means you convey priceless guides through your blog and as well as welcome contribution from visitors on the concept while our own simple princess is now discovering so much. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You’re performing a terrific job.

  7. kd13说:

    I together with my buddies happened to be reading through the great recommendations from the blog then quickly got an awful feeling I had not thanked the web site owner for them. My guys had been for that reason passionate to study all of them and already have sincerely been tapping into them. Appreciate your being considerably helpful and then for getting varieties of incredible topics most people are really desirous to discover. My honest regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  8. bape hoodie说:

    I want to express my thanks to this writer just for rescuing me from such a predicament. After checking through the search engines and meeting principles which were not helpful, I thought my entire life was well over. Living devoid of the answers to the difficulties you have sorted out by way of your good write-up is a critical case, and the ones that would have in a negative way damaged my entire career if I had not come across your blog post. Your main natural talent and kindness in maneuvering the whole lot was priceless. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not come across such a solution like this. I’m able to now look forward to my future. Thanks so much for your skilled and result oriented help. I won’t hesitate to recommend your blog post to any person who needs guidelines on this topic.

  9. Thanks a lot for giving everyone remarkably spectacular chance to check tips from this blog. It’s always so sweet and as well , stuffed with a good time for me personally and my office mates to search the blog no less than 3 times a week to read the newest items you have got. Not to mention, we are at all times motivated with all the mind-blowing tips served by you. Certain 4 areas in this article are particularly the most beneficial I’ve ever had.

  10. hermes说:

    I actually wanted to make a simple comment to express gratitude to you for those fantastic techniques you are giving out here. My rather long internet look up has at the end been honored with pleasant tips to exchange with my partners. I ‘d claim that many of us site visitors actually are rather blessed to dwell in a useful place with many special individuals with valuable things. I feel rather lucky to have used your weblog and look forward to really more amazing times reading here. Thanks a lot again for everything.

  11. golden goose说:

    I am commenting to make you understand of the beneficial encounter my daughter obtained viewing your web site. She realized such a lot of details, including how it is like to have an amazing giving heart to let other folks quite simply master a variety of complicated subject matter. You truly surpassed visitors’ expectations. Many thanks for giving the good, trustworthy, informative and even fun thoughts on your topic to Emily.

  12. I in addition to my pals have already been studying the best information and facts found on your web page while suddenly developed an awful suspicion I never thanked the web site owner for those tips. All the young boys were definitely as a consequence stimulated to read all of them and have in effect clearly been enjoying them. Many thanks for being quite kind and then for pick out certain tremendous resources millions of individuals are really eager to discover. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  13. I and also my buddies appeared to be reviewing the great items found on the blog and so all of a sudden I had an awful suspicion I had not thanked the web site owner for those tips. Those people became certainly passionate to learn all of them and already have actually been having fun with them. Many thanks for being well kind as well as for opting for such important guides millions of individuals are really wanting to be aware of. My personal sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  14. yeezy 700说:

    Thank you for every one of your work on this site. My mum enjoys setting aside time for investigation and it is obvious why. Most people notice all about the dynamic mode you offer reliable tips through this website and as well as encourage response from others on that concept and my child is actually studying so much. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You’re performing a terrific job.

  15. I actually wanted to send a comment to be able to thank you for all of the wonderful recommendations you are giving at this site. My considerable internet look up has at the end of the day been compensated with excellent ideas to go over with my friends and classmates. I would assert that we readers are quite blessed to live in a fantastic site with so many special professionals with very beneficial strategies. I feel really grateful to have used your website page and look forward to some more cool times reading here. Thank you once again for everything.

  16. stone island说:

    A lot of thanks for every one of your hard work on this site. My mom takes pleasure in working on investigations and it is obvious why. Most of us hear all relating to the dynamic means you offer both interesting and useful guidance by means of the website and as well strongly encourage participation from other individuals on this concern plus our own princess has been becoming educated so much. Have fun with the rest of the year. You’re carrying out a remarkable job.

  17. I as well as my pals were found to be examining the great techniques found on the blog and then immediately I got a terrible feeling I had not expressed respect to you for those strategies. All of the boys are already as a consequence excited to learn them and have in actuality been having fun with them. Many thanks for being indeed accommodating and for picking out certain fabulous useful guides most people are really desirous to be aware of. Our sincere apologies for not saying thanks to sooner.

  18. yeezy 350说:

    I wish to express my gratitude for your kindness giving support to individuals who really want guidance on the study. Your personal dedication to passing the solution all-around became especially advantageous and have surely encouraged women just like me to arrive at their dreams. This warm and friendly report can mean a great deal a person like me and extremely more to my mates. With thanks; from everyone of us.

  19. I’m also commenting to let you be aware of of the cool encounter my cousin’s girl obtained studying your web site. She figured out a lot of details, including what it’s like to possess an ideal coaching mindset to get many people really easily know some hard to do subject matter. You really exceeded people’s desires. Thanks for rendering the important, dependable, revealing and as well as cool tips about this topic to Ethel.

  20. I want to show my respect for your kindness for all those that actually need assistance with this one question. Your personal commitment to passing the message all over ended up being particularly powerful and has regularly allowed girls just like me to attain their pursuits. Your new informative report denotes a great deal to me and far more to my mates. Regards; from all of us.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注